Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma is the cancer of sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands are the glands that secrete oil, called sebum, and are situated in the epidermal layer of the skin. Neoplasms, which are the abnormal growth of cells that may or may not turn malignant, for sebaceous gland carcinoma originate in the sebaceous glands. Since sebaceous glands are spread all over the body, sebaceous gland carcinoma can originate at any place. This cancer is a kind of skin cancer.
However, in maximum number of cases, the incidence of sebaceous gland carcinoma is around the eye area because of high concentration of glands in this region. This kind of cancer is very aggressive and spreads fast. Unfortunately, in many cases, diagnosis is delayed because cancerous lumps are incorrectly though to be some kind of harmless growth, causing this aggressive cancer to claim man lives.
Eyelids are the most susceptible for sebaceous gland carcinoma. The other places where this cancer is usually found are Zeis glands of the cilia, sebaceous glands in the eyebrows, caruncle glands, meibomian glands in the tarsal plate and sebaceous glands of the hair follicles in the eyelids. Further, statistics reveal that women are more susceptible to falling prey to this cancer than men are. Although skin cancer usually affects people after fifty years of age, the youngest victim of was a three year old child.
Biopsy is required to detect this cancer since it is very commonly misunderstood. Exposure to harmful radiation is said to be one of the causes this cancer. Ultraviolet rays are not found to be responsible for it. However, people who have not had a history of exposure to radiation have also been diagnosed with this caner and hence, the cause remains largely uncertain. According to studies, genes have a major role to play in causing this cancer.
On of the effective sebaceous gland carcinoma treatment is surgery. The malignant tumor is removed and the surgery is followed up by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy can be helpful in eliminating the traces of the cancer. However, many cases of relapse have been registered even after treatment. The reason is attributed to the spread of sebaceous glands all over the body.
Among the different kinds of cancers that affect different parts of the body, sebaceous gland carcinoma is one of the most deadly with high mortality rate. The chances of cure are high if the patient is diagnosed early, which in most cases does not happen. Awareness among the public is the only solution that will help in early detention and cure of this deadly cancer.