Often, sebaceous cysts appear beneath the skin’s surface and are movable and painless. However, the cysts may become infected, which cause swelling, redness, and pain. Because the sebaceous glands are present on all parts of our bodies, cysts can appear anywhere (except the palms and the soles). The most susceptible areas are the back, scalp, face, neck, shoulders, and chest.
There are several causes of sebaceous cysts. These could appear due to the blockage of the glands with keratin. Skin trauma, damaged hair follicles, and genetic disorders may also cause sebaceous cysts. These contain a whitish-gray fluid, which appears like cheese and gives a foul smell. Infected sebaceous cysts may also contain blood and pus and can be very uncomfortable and painful.
Although, most sebaceous cysts do not require any treatment because they are self-rupturing, a severe condition may require medical attention. Sometimes, the cysts may become cancerous and can prove fatal. There are several sebaceous cysts treatment methods. Generally, the cysts are not painful and harmless; however, infected cysts can be extremely uncomfortable and may hinder the normal daily routine of an individual. The infected cysts may cause the temperature around the bumps to increase and may often appear ghastly and unpleasant.
The most common sebaceous cysts treatment is a surgical procedure that involves completing removing the cysts and draining all its contents to avoid recurrence. However, some individuals may have frequently recurring cysts to a certain medical condition. Surgery can be done either using a wide excision technique or the minimal excision technique. The patient is orally administered antibiotics both pre and post-surgery. Treatment of small cysts is done by inserting steroids within the cyst, which will cause the cysts to rupture. Treatment of sebaceous cysts is more often for cosmetic reasons than for medical reasons.
Individuals can also treat the smaller and non-infected sebaceous cyst at home. Apply a warm moist piece of cloth on the cyst three to four times a day for three days. At the end of three days, the cyst will rupture and drain out and heal itself. Alternatively, patients can use hot pads as another home sebaceous cysts treatment method. Lastly, you may choose either a homeopathic or technique for treating sebaceous cysts.
Although, sebaceous cysts are harmless and self-healing, there may be the possibility of the cysts being infected, which may complicate the disorder. Therefore, to ensure that the infection does not get out of hand, it is advisable to get medical help instantly to avoid any further complications.